Phylogenetic relationships between eight African species of mormyriform fish (Teleostei, Osteichthyes): resolution of a cryptic species, and reinstatement of Cyphomyrus Myers, 1960

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1996
Authors:van der Bank, F. Herman, Kramer B.
Journal:Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
Start Page:275

Phylogenetic relationships between seven elephantfish species from five genera (Mormyridae) that are endemic to southem Africa, and the Nile knifefish of the sister family, Gymnamhidae, were determined using biochemical genetic data, behaviour (the waveforms of the electric organ discharge), morphology, and habitat and food preferences. The results confirmed the existence of an undescribed species of Hippopotamyrus, and that H.ansorgii and H.discorhynchus are not congeners.These distinctions had been suggested by differences in electric organ discharge wavefonns and are here substantiated by morphological and genetic data. We recommend the reinstatement of Cyphomyrus discorhynchus (Peters, 1852). Genetic distance (D, Nei, 1972) values suggest confamilial genera (D average of 1.09 for all species studied, and 0.715 for southern African species), with the exception of the sympatric and congeneric species: H. ansorgii and H. sp. (D=0.423). Phylogenies based on morphological and electrophoretic data are congruent.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith